A Guide to Dyslexia
…a neurological disorder that affects the way the brain processes information.
DYSLEXIA IS NOT…
…a disability or seeing words or letters backwards.
CHARACTERISTICS OF DYSLEXIA
(Source: International Dyslexia Association)
- Delayed spoken language
- Left/right confusion
- Difficulty rhyming words and sounds
- Poor sequencing of numbers/letters
- Difficulty sounding out, identifying, and spelling words
- Avoids reading aloud
- Difficulty organizing ideas to speak or write
- Slow to memorize alphabet and math facts
- Reading comprehension difficulties
- Dyslexia affects 1 in 5 students.
- It is estimated that 15-20% of the population has dyslexia or another language-based learning disability.
- Dyslexia is the most common cause of reading, writing, and spelling difficulties.
- Dyslexia affects boys and girls equally.
- There is a genetic component.
- The child of a dyslexic parent has a 50/50 chance of inheriting dyslexic characteristics.
- It affects more children than all other childhood disorders (including autism, ADHD, etc.) Individuals no not grow out it; dyslexia cannot be cured.
- Reading problems do not go away with maturity.
- Waiting on support only results in months and years of academic struggles and resulting emotional fallout.
- Early intervention is the key. We can now identify children at risk for dyslexia as early as ages 4-5.
Helpful Links to Learn More About Dyslexia
What is dyslexia?
Characteristics of dyslexia
The Orton Gillingham Approach
International Dyslexia Association
The Yale Center for Dyslexia and Creativity